A quick way to calculate a target milkfat content for cheesemaking
The most common method of milk standardization is changing its fat content. This is accomplished by adding/removing cream or skim milk. For example, a cheese maker might want to make cheese using a milk with a fat content of 3.2%. Their starting milk has a fat content of 3.8%. They need to know how much skim milk to add to bring the fat content down to their target of 3.2%. The Pearson Square method is just a way to organize the numbers to make the math easier to understand. The image above is using our example we just discussed. So in this case the cheese maker would need to mix together 82% of their starting milk with 18% of skim milk to reach their target. Try out your own mixture below!
This method could also be used to calculate how much cream you need to add to milk for cheeses made with higher fat milks. In fact, the Pearson Square method isn't just for dairy-related calculations. It can be used to calculate components of any mixture: wine making, spirit fortification, animal feed to name a few.